All about Alopecia Universalis

All about Alopecia Universalis

Alopecia means hair loss. Alopecia Universalis is a medical condition which causes complete hair loss on the entire body. Some experts believe that Alopecia Universalis is an autoimmune disease.

Symptoms

The major symptom of Alopecia Universalis is loss of hair on the head and other parts of the body like eyebrows and eyelashes. It is a much advanced form of Alopecia Areata. You may also notice hair loss on pubic area and inside the nose. Some people can also feel burning or itching on the area of hair loss.

Causes

It is theorized that Alopecia Universalis occurs when hair follicles are mistakenly attacked by the immune system of the body. There are numerous factors that can trigger this condition. Although Alopecia Universalis is not inherited but people having a family history of this condition are more susceptible to it. This genetic susceptibility combined with other environmental factors can cause this condition.

Viral infection, changes in hormones, physical or mental trauma and stress can lead to onset of Alopecia Universalis. But research on the role of such environmental factors is still fairly limited. People suffering from this condition may be at risk of developing other autoimmune conditions like thyroid disease.

Diagnosis

Doctors can diagnose Alopecia Universalis by observing the symptoms like the smooth pattern of extensive hair loss and non-scarring. Scalp biopsy may also be performed in some cases to confirm the diagnosis. Doctors may also test blood samples to check and rule out other conditions like lupus which also cause hair loss. 

Treatment

There is no therapy for treating Alopecia Universalis that works for everyone. But hair loss can be slowed and even stopped by proper treatment. In rare cases, hair may re-grow on affected areas. Immunotherapies can be used to stimulate the immune system. Doctors may also suggest photodynamic therapy and ultraviolet light therapy to activate hair follicles.

Alopecia Universalis can be concealed using Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP). It is a tattooing based technique by which tiny dots of natural pigments are implanted in your skin to represent hair follicles. You can visit https://www.scalpmicro.pt/pt-pt/ for more information.

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