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Women and Alopecia

Nearly one third of women suffer from hair loss at least once in their life. This is due to a condition called Alopecia. Impact of hair loss on women is much greater than on men because it is less socially acceptable in the case of women. Hair loss among women is also called female pattern baldness. Androgenetic alopecia causes gradual thinning of hairline. Click here  for personalized guidance on alopecia.

Alopecia causes hair loss in two ways. One way is that alopecia disrupts the normal hair growth cycles. Due to this hair growth is affected. Another way is that alopecia damages the hair follicles and that triggers hair loss. If severe damage is caused to the hair follicles then hair loss can be permanent in some cases.

Causes for alopecia among women

  • Heredity- If you have a family history of alopecia then you are more likely to suffer from alopecia. Genetic factors have a huge impact on hair loss.
  • Hairstyle- Women generally have hairstyles that put pressure on the scalp. Tight braids, cornrows, ponytails or any style that pulls the hair roots can cause traction alopecia. Damage to hair follicles by traction alopecia can be permanent.
  • Express stress or shock– Temporary loss of hair can be caused by a stressful or shocking event. This can include illness, surgery and pregnancy. Such hair loss is called telogen effluvium. Hair loss can also be caused due to some physical or emotional trauma. This is called traumatic alopecia.
  • Menopause- Estrogen level drops in the body during menopause. This hormonal imbalance can cause thinning of hair and may trigger hair loss.
  • Other Conditions- Some medical conditions can contribute to hair loss among women. Alopecia areata is one such autoimmune skin condition which causes hair loss in patches.

Treatment

You can consult a medical practitioner to get some medication to manage alopecia. Generally minoxidil, anti-androgens and iron supplements are prescribed by doctors. You can also try some home remedies like massaging your head with essential oils. In extreme cases you can opt for hair transplant or the non invasive scalp micropigmentation.

All about Alopecia Universalis

Alopecia means hair loss. Alopecia Universalis is a medical condition which causes complete hair loss on the entire body. Some experts believe that Alopecia Universalis is an autoimmune disease.

Symptoms

The major symptom of Alopecia Universalis is loss of hair on the head and other parts of the body like eyebrows and eyelashes. It is a much advanced form of Alopecia Areata. You may also notice hair loss on pubic area and inside the nose. Some people can also feel burning or itching on the area of hair loss.

Causes

It is theorized that Alopecia Universalis occurs when hair follicles are mistakenly attacked by the immune system of the body. There are numerous factors that can trigger this condition. Although Alopecia Universalis is not inherited but people having a family history of this condition are more susceptible to it. This genetic susceptibility combined with other environmental factors can cause this condition.

Viral infection, changes in hormones, physical or mental trauma and stress can lead to onset of Alopecia Universalis. But research on the role of such environmental factors is still fairly limited. People suffering from this condition may be at risk of developing other autoimmune conditions like thyroid disease.

Diagnosis

Doctors can diagnose Alopecia Universalis by observing the symptoms like the smooth pattern of extensive hair loss and non-scarring. Scalp biopsy may also be performed in some cases to confirm the diagnosis. Doctors may also test blood samples to check and rule out other conditions like lupus which also cause hair loss. 

Treatment

There is no therapy for treating Alopecia Universalis that works for everyone. But hair loss can be slowed and even stopped by proper treatment. In rare cases, hair may re-grow on affected areas. Immunotherapies can be used to stimulate the immune system. Doctors may also suggest photodynamic therapy and ultraviolet light therapy to activate hair follicles.

Alopecia Universalis can be concealed using Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP). It is a tattooing based technique by which tiny dots of natural pigments are implanted in your skin to represent hair follicles. You can visit https://www.scalpmicro.pt/pt-pt/ for more information.